The Amazon Rainforest has been described as the “Lungs of our Planet” because it provides the essential environmental world service of continuously recyling carbon dioxide into oxygen. More than 20 percent of the world oxygen is produced in the Amazon Rainforest.
Amazonas is also the name of a state in Brazil, which covers 1.5 million kilometers of the country’s continental area, larger than most countries on the planet! It is the home of the greatest mountain in Brazil, Pico da Neblina, which stands 2,994 meters above water level.
The continental area in Amazonas could be divided right into three separate categories; Igapos, Varzeas, and Reduced Plateaus. Igapos is where the continent is permanently flooded and also the root systems of plants are constantly immersed. Varzeas contain ares of the continent that are submerged during the rainy period, when the rivers are most full, and low plateau locations designate the areas in higher elevation that are never submerged.
The capital city of the state Amazonas is Manaus. There are lots of architectural benefits to be seen right here, including the Amazonas Opera House, which was created in 1896 and can seat 640 patrons.
One more notable location in Amazonas is the National Research Institute of Amazonia. There they have an impressive amazonian herb garden as well as a zoological garden. This important facility homes many varieties of plants as well as animal life that are native to Amazonas, and scientists there work everyday in an effort to conserve a lot of the varieties facing extinction.
Amazonas is also home to lots of famous galleries including The Indian Museum, the Amazonia Natural Science Museum, the Museum of Northern Brazilians, as well as the Port Museum. These museums preserve local history and culture and visitors can take a look at collections of native artifacts and amazing animals and insects, in addition to crucial historical documents and also items that show the lifestyle of Amazonas’ settlers.
Any type of visitor to Amazonas will be provided with a wide variety of things to do and see; jungle river cruises, rain forest treks and much more. Any sort of plant enthusiast would be surprised to see the giant water lilies that can grow up to 6 feet wide! Animal fans will certainly be thrilled to boat right next to the dolphins that swim in the Rio Negro River, and marvel in amazement at the tree sloths, apes and also vibrant huge birds that appear to wander almost everywhere. Other wildlife that could be experienced around the jungle in Amazonas consist of the morpho butterfly, tree snails, poison arrow dart frogs, boa constrictors, macaws, spider apes, and the large rhinoceros beetle. There are many species of plants and animals in the forest that have yet to even be discovered.
Photo Credit: Gabi Mesquita
Amazonas is also home to the great Amazon River, which dumps 8 trillion gallons of water right into the ocean every day. The Amazon River is the second lengthiest stream on the planet, and has an average depth of about fifty feet. Numerous unique types of animals call the Amazon River home including alligators as well as the well-known Pink River Dolphin.

 

Get to Know some of the Brazilian Native Populations, their art and culture: 

Amazon Indians

Healing Powers of the Huni Kuin People

KaxinawaYawanawaTupi Guarani

The Story of the Yawanawá people

Beautiful Films about Yawanawá Culture

The Amazon River

The Amazon Forest – Lungs of the World[/vc_column_text]

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